Applications of Blockchain in Insurance Sector

By Insurance CIO Outlook | Tuesday, January 29, 2019

Blockchain technology has been a rage in the IT industry since its inception. It is changing many business processes with quick data exchanges, fast transactions, and transparency among all the stakeholders.

The insurance industry is also radically changing with blockchain technology implementation. The distributed ledger offers transactions with a high level of security and trust. Data in a blockchain network is transparent and quickly verifiable. The insurance service providers who have implemented blockchain technology, are gaining the confidence of their clients with secure and accurate features. The blockchain technology allows transactions and records to be signed, exchanged, and verified without being controlled by a central authority.

Unlike the banking industry, the Insurance sector does not have exchange listings over which blockchain technology can be applied. Insurers need to connect all the relevant stakeholders involved in insurance transactions to eliminate obstacles in the path of blockchain implementation. The decentralized public ledger of blockchain technology makes error elimination and fraud detection a cake walk for insurers. Blockchain technology also helps to make verification of the authenticity of customers, policies, and transactions very easy and less tedious.

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There is a huge data flow with the inception of the Internet of Things devices. Management of this data needs simplified and well-arranged techniques to ensure the proper functioning of the system. Blockchain technology offers easier methods to arrange data, which helps the developers to make usage-based insurance model. It provides a peer-to-peer network, which allows the insurers to manage complex networks without the need for a centralized data center.

Blockchain technology can include perfectly calculated reserves based on actual participating contracts and automatic update in circulation. The transparent features of blockchain technology allow more ease in moving capitals with known risk factors, capital efficiency, and capital requirements for compliance.

Many insurers are making use of blockchain technology to cut down fraud and risks in international payments involving multiple currencies. Health insurers and U.S. regulators already consider blockchain technology a powerful tool to curb medical frauds.

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